Ditch Irrigation worked by pumping water down furrows in between the rows of crops. This required the field to be perfectly level or slightly sloped one direction and requires over watering to one end of the field.
“These ditch systems were constructed with
horse-drawn plows and men moving rocks by
hand and pick and shovel. With a lot of sweat
and hard work, they turned many a dry sagebrush
flat into a productive green hayfield over time.”